Meteorologic conditions in India

Climate of India

IndiaGeographical position

The main area of the territory of India ( * is within the sub equatorial region. The main feature of this region is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon from the Indian Ocean brings rains to India. They heighten at the begining of June on the western coast and in mid-June on the east coast. If passing over the Arabian Sea as well as the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and also move in a northwest way.


Monsoon period

Rising over a Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons go at a speed of 5-7 m/s, leading to heavy rain. Thunder storms fall on the hills of the hills in June. But later they calm down, and through the time from late September to mid-October rain falls normally, end. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows from the land side. It makes the climate chilly and sunny.

Climatic seasons

Based on data on thermal conditions, precipitation, and also winds, we can separate the calendar year in three major weather seasons.

In November – February, if the northeastern monsoon rules, it is cold and sunshiny. In March, the temperature little by little rises.The dry season lasts from the end of March to June. At the end of June, the humidity increases. And also the weather of Indian plains gets rainy.The time from July to mid-September will be the summer monsoon time. It is a period of wet tropical climate. The south-westerly winds combine with high temperatures.October is a transitional time. The air humidity is high due to evaporation through the surface of the fields. However the rains end.

Contrast climate

There are actually differences in temperature and also weather in various portions of India. The country covers a huge location, and every location has another terrain. Hence, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation does not go over 100 mm. And at Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is around 10 770 mm of rainfall a year. It is one of the wettest places on Earth.

The monsoon climate is characteristic of the coast of the Arabian Sea. The very coldest time is from December to February. Simultaneously, there is less rain. The hottest period is from May to June. Yet even high temperatures are tolerated quite easily since air is dried, relative humidity, even in the morning, does not exceed 60%. Winds raise clouds of dust and turn the horizon a dirty yellow.

The start the monsoon in June starts with the greater wind and cloud cover. The time can last until September. Throughout most times of the month, it rains regularly and lightly. The monthly rainfall in the wettest month – July exceeds 600 mm. Cloudy weather decreases the temperature by 3-5 degrees.

Himalayan climate

In the mountains of the Himalayas, the climate depends upon the height above sea level. Soat altitudes through 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimum temperature is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), and the average maximum heat is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest time of the year lasts from June to August: the average minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the average maximum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). Summer time monsoon doesn’t appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you will see, the weather of India varies greatly based on the region, its distance from the Ocean, and its altitude. We can not compare Himalayan weather to other portions of India. These mountains are very high and also have a unique weather.

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